Game design - what makes a good point-and-click?

There's so much I'd like to blog about right now.  I've started playing Wizardry 8, and I've been playing a few mindless "progression quest" games (Diablo 3, and some iPhone endless running games) which I'm enjoying despite myself.

But I'm still thinking about Simon the Sorcerer 2 and the "point and click" style of games as made famous by Lucasarts.

What makes a good point-and-click?  Most of them are mechanically identical, so why are some so much better than others?

Same mechanics, varying quality

The answer, I think, lies in three key points:

1.  The player has to enjoy receiving information about the world.
2.  The player has to be invested in the plot.
3.  The player cannot be too frustrated by the puzzles (and ideally should be engaged by them).

These three points stem from the fact that a point-and-click is essentially a visual novel masquerading as a puzzle.  So if you approach it purely from the puzzle perspective, you'll wind up with a game that isn't actually fun to play.

Bold claims - now back it up.

Mechanically speaking, a standard point and click works like this:
  • The player is presented with a world in a static state.
  • The player receives information about the world via dialogue, sound and visual cues and of course the "look" command (what I'll call "Information" with a capital "I").
  • The player has a set number of ways they can interact with the world - let's call them "Options".  By this I mean the standard commands such as "open door", "close window" or "eat hamster".
  • The player uses the Information to choose Options.  If they choose the correct Option, the world will move to a new static state.  Then the above process repeats - with a new world state, new Information and new Options.
When you look at this process, the importance of my three rules becomes pretty obvious.  Looking at the three rules in turn:

Rule 1 - the player must enjoy receiving the Information

Most of the game is spent receiving Information.  If it isn't interesting, then 90% of the game won't be interesting.  Worse, the player won't pay attention to or will skip the Information required to solve the puzzles.

You must move the bird to get the fish.  The bird is sitting on a pier made out of wooden planks.  It's all "Information"

I saw this with one particularly savage review of Deponia (, a game I personally liked but was slammed for having obtuse puzzles.  In reality the puzzles weren't hard at all, there were a lot of hints if you used the "look" command.  But that particular reviewer also hated hearing the main character talk - so I'm guessing he clicked "look" on as few things as humanly possible.  So he missed the hints, and he hated the game.

Rule 2 - The Player has to be invested in the Plot

The drive for a point-and-click is "what happens next".  If the player doesn't care, then they have no reason to WANT to solve their current puzzle.  There are no "high scores" in P&C's from the early 90s on - and there was never any phat loot a-la Borderlands.  Your only reward for solving a puzzle is to see more of the story.

I think this was one of the issues with The Dig.  The dialogue was incredibly cliched, which affected people buying into the story.

 Really?  Oh I cannot wait to hear more.

Compare that with, say Resident Evil 1, Devil May Cry or basically any action game you care to mention - the dialogue can be stupidly cliched but often it just doesn't matter.

Bad Dudes: in case you're wondering where Destiny hired their script-writers

I'd say it was a bigger problem with Monkey Island 4.  I stalled on that game for years not because it was tough, but because I just didn't care what happened next.

Rule 3 - The player cannot be too frustrated by the puzzles (and ideally should be engaged by them)

I think this is the most obvious rule for a P&C but also the most misleading.  Because, and this is controversial, the puzzles in a point-and-click are the means to an end, not the end itself.

The puzzles serve to make the player engaged in the game world.  The player pays close attention not only to everything the characters say, but to minutiae you'd ignore in a film (such as book titles and even colour palates), because the player knows they'll probably need it.

The puzzles serve the story - not the other way around.  This is why, when you ask people what they remember about (say) Monkey Island, they invariably say "it was funny".  That is not the mechanics of the game - that is the game world and story.  They remember that Guybrush Threepwood wanted to be a pirate, they probably don't remember how they got the natives to hand over the banana picker.

With most games, people will remember a game's mechanics in detail for years, but swiftly forget all detail about the plot.  It's the exact inverse with a Point & Click.  There is a reason.

Of course, sometimes people remember mechanics for the wrong reasons.

Putting it all together - what does it mean?
Simply put, I think the success of a P&C really lies with its storytelling.  Telltale Games have nailed this in recent years with (for example) the Walking Dead games, where the "puzzles" are laughably easy compared to, say, Simon the Sorcerer 3D.  But the storytelling is so much stronger that the former succeeds where the latter fails.

This is a choice, not a puzzle.  But it's more interesting than anything in S.t.S 3D

It's also interesting to think about precisely HOW P&C games have become easier.  It's not just the lack of bizzare-logic solutions (although that certainly helps), it's the ratio of Information to Options.  Take the original Maniac Mansion - you could still traverse the entire house for most/all of the game.  In Monkey Island 1 you get the 3 Act structure, where the amount of Options (and Information) is reset twice during play.  Come to the Walking Dead and the available Information/Options gets reset nearly 10 times per episode.

So where does this leave us?

If you want to make puzzles, make puzzles.  If you want to tell a story, then the P&C genre may be calling.


  1. I really agree with this. Does Myst count as a P&C? Anyways - I think it illustrates your points really well - an absolutely beautiful environment and a nice set of ideas, but the puzzles were hard to solve (for me anyway) and I lost interest really quickly and stopped playing. I went back after giving up and finding a walkthrough, but that's hardly the point.
    And on a related note, I recently played a first person survival game which had a wonderful engaging story, great graphics and good gameplay, and an unavoidably shit ending. I won't be playing another game from that mob again. The story let me down.
    Good article.

  2. "The player cannot be too frustrated by the puzzles (and ideally should be engaged by them)." My two cents on puzzles....What kind of puzzles do exist? First, the easy ones. You see it and you know what to do. An adventure game needs a fair amount of these kind of puzzles, just to keep the game going and the player motivated. Second, the really difficult ones. The ones that you might only figure out by try and error. But those can still be great puzzles. Because once you see the solution, it makes click and the solution becomes obvious. Why the hell didn't I figure that one out by myself. Third the really great ones are the kind of puzzles that somehow fit the way a human brain works. You don't know the solution right away, so you keep looking for clues. Wander around and around. Looping. The same thing is going on in your head. Somewhere inside your brain a part is now reserved and works on the solution independently, just branched off. And then suddenly that thread returns with the solution. Same like trying to remember somebody's name and then two days later the name suddenly pops up, out of nowhere. Those are awesome puzzles. And forth of course, the plain stupid puzzles. The ones that you just manage to figure out by trying all kind of combinations. And once you get the solution, it still doesn't click. Just plain stupid and highly constructed.



    1. Hm - that's an interesting point. Playing Point & Click's in 2017 probably has made me forget the "great" puzzles because I don't loop for very long.

      I guess the key is preventing frustration - the second kind of puzzle you mention (difficult ones) become frustrating if there's too much brute searching involved. The third kind of puzzles (awesome ones) often give a feeling that you're slowly making progress; like gradually finding pieces in a 1000-piece jigsaw.

      The difficulty of course is that different puzzles often will fall into the different categories for different players, particularly ones that rely on knowledge or cultural associations that not everyone would has. Hence, I think, why The Walking Dead was so successful - all of its puzzles fell into the first category, but I still enjoyed the game.


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